With the progress of the society and the prosperity of the people, people's requirements for life are no longer basic food and clothing.Instead, nowadays people pursue quality and enjoyment.For example, the most basic choice of clothing, rather than wearing the grinding and cheap coarse linen fabric, in favor of comfortable and breathable silk fabrics.But the price of pure silk fabric is relatively expensive, the market is hard to avoid bad businessmen shoddy, let us produce a lot of losses, so how should we avoid this kind of situation?The following will introduce the silk fabric identification method to you in detail.
We need to find out what kinds of silk fabrics are available before we can distinguish them. Currently, the market can be divided into 15 categories according to the fabric organization, processing technology and appearance of silk.
Spinning 2. Crepe 3. 4. Satin twill 5. 6. Yarn ROM 7. Wool 8. Jin 9. Gauze 10.? 11. Ge 12. Didi 13. Silk 14. Silk 15 paintings (moment)
Each of the 15 categories is divided into different textile methods or different USES. This article will not elaborate too much. Interested partners can consult relevant materials by themselves.
Most of the real silk on the market is pure silkworm silk fabric, and can be divided into thin, medium and thick.Fabric according to the production process is divided into dyeing and printing two.Soft and smooth texture, soft and light hand, colorful color, cool and comfortable to wear.Mainly used as summer shirt, nightgown, dress fabric and headscarf, etc.
Identification of fabric materials
Product identification number
Domestic silks and satins carry out the unified product number formulated by China silk corporation.The product number is composed of five digits of Arabic numerals, and the first digit on the left shows the variety of materials: the whole silk fabric (including mulberry silk and spun silk) is "1", the chemical fiber fabric is "2", the blended fabric is "3", the tussah fabric is "4", the rayon fabric is "5", the interweave (including acetate silk fabric) is "6", and the quilt fabric is "7".
Pure silk fabric is elegant pearl luster, soft and elegant feel;Chemical fiber fabric luster bright, dazzling, feel stiff.Although some silk - like fabrics feel soft, but silk hair dark, no pearl luster.Of silk differentiate a garment makings or a dress, when wanting to judge whether be real silk, cotton, hemp, wool or man-made fiber, it is to judge by experience commonly.Such as long-term contact with all kinds of fabric salesman, sewing workers, because of long-term contact and rich experience can determine what raw materials of the fabric.But synthetic fibers are plentiful today.Polyamide, dacron, viscose fiber superfine silk and shaped silk, can be made into a simulation of silk, enough to fake, only by looking at the hand is difficult to determine its authenticity.Therefore, it is necessary to use a variety of methods, comprehensive analysis and research, can come to an accurate conclusion.Such as: combustion identification, microscope identification, dissolution identification, chemical staining identification, melting point differential identification and infrared spectrum identification, and so on.So, consumers do not have the necessary testing conditions, how to identify the authenticity of silk?
Here are two simple ways to do it:
(I) feel visual measurement method
(1) visual inspection, the real silk pearl show luster, soft luster.And the fabric luster of chemical fiber is not downy, bright and dazzling.
(2) slender and long silk fiber, short cotton fiber, wool curly.Chemical fiber uniformity is good.
(3) feel method: silk feels soft and comfortable close to the skin.
(2) combustion method
(1) silk burns feathers when burning, difficult to continue burning, will self-extinguish.Ash brittle, brittle, fluffy, black.
(2) artificial silk (viscose fiber) burning paper mixed with chemical smell.Very fast afterburning.Ash in addition to the light without ash, there is a small amount of gray black ash.
(3) the burning of cotton fiber and polyester fiber has a very weak sweet taste, not directly or slowly, hard round ashes, bead-like.
(4) cotton and hemp smell of burning paper, ash soft, black gray.
(5) wool burns like silk.Visually, you can tell the difference.
Silk in ancient times because of its high price and low production has been the exclusive fabrics of the royal or noble, "silk queen" reputation, modern people give it with the "healthy fiber" reputation.Wearing silk clothing, can prevent the radiation of ultraviolet radiation, and enhance the vitality of skin cells, promote the metabolism of skin cells at the same time to some skin diseases have a good auxiliary treatment effect, so wearing silk clothing has become a modern trend.