In The Past 40 Years Of Reform And Opening Up, The Productivity Of The Textile Industry Has Increased By More Than 40 Times

- Aug 16, 2019-

"In 1978, China's per capita fiber consumption was less than 3 kg. By 2017, it had reached 22 kg, more than seven times that of 1978.""In 2016, the total labor productivity of textile enterprises above a certain scale was 791,600 yuan/person, 44.5 times that of 1978."Recently, China textile industry federation held the fourth session of the fourth executive council expanded meeting, meeting chairman sun ruizhe in the work report at the meeting listed a number of data, reflecting the achievements of China's textile industry in the 40 years of reform and opening up.

According to statistics, in 1978, China processed 2.76 million tons of fiber, accounting for less than 10% of the world's total.In 2017, fiber processing capacity reached 54.3 million tons, 19.7 times that of 1978.The industry has formed the world's most complete industrial chain, product structure is more diverse.The proportion of fiber consumption in the three terminal industries of clothing, home textile and industrial use was adjusted from 84:11:5 in 1980 to 45.5:27.6:26.9 in 2017.The pillar industry position in national economy has not wavered from beginning to end.In 1978, the total industrial output value (at constant prices) of the textile industry reached 47.32 billion yuan, accounting for 12.5 percent of the national industry.By 2017, the main business income of textile enterprises above a certain scale will reach 6,893.56 billion yuan, accounting for 5.9% of the national industry above a certain scale.

Sun ruizhe said the industry continues to promote total factor productivity and product added value increase.In particular, since the 18th national congress of the communist party of China (CPC), the textile industry has taken supply-side structural reform as the main task, and its capacity for independent innovation, technological equipment and product development has been greatly improved. The industry has entered a new period of high-quality development.

Data show that in 1978, China's textile and garment export volume was only 2.15 billion us dollars, and in 2017, the export volume reached 274.51 billion us dollars, 127.4 times that of 1978, accounting for 35.8% of the global proportion. The industry has played a prominent role in increasing China's foreign exchange.In 1978, China had a trade deficit of us $1.13 billion in goods and a trade surplus of us $1.03 billion in textiles and clothing.In 2017, the trade surplus of textile and apparel was 248.89 billion us dollars, 241.6 times that of 1978, accounting for 58.9% of the surplus of China's trade in goods.

Sun ruizhe said that the current focus of the textile industry to use international resources has changed from the initial "introduction" of products, capital and technology to "going out".At present, key textile enterprises actively carry out global industrial chain layout and transnational resource integration through greenfield investment and capital operation.By 2017, there were more than 1,000 enterprises investing overseas in the textile industry, with an investment stock of us $8.81 billion and an annual revenue of us $10 billion.As China's door opens wider and wider, the pace of the industry going out is becoming more and more steady.

At present, China's textile industry chain as a whole manufacturing capacity has reached the international advanced level.Fiber material technology is developing rapidly.A number of fiber independent technologies, such as carbon fiber and aramane fiber, have broken the foreign monopoly.Rapid progress of textile manufacturing technology, began to intelligent, green, service-oriented direction.Scene economy, platform economy and sharing economy have been widely penetrated, and new industry models and services have been emerging.

According to sun ruizhe, the operation quality and efficiency of China's textile industry have been continuously improved since 2018.From January to August this year, the total revenue of enterprises above the size of the textile industry reached 3.803.28 billion yuan, up 4.6% year-on-year.The total profit reached 179.18 billion yuan, up 6.8% year on year.From January to August this year, the profit margin of textile enterprises above the designated size was 4.7%, 0.1 percentage point higher than that of the same period last year.

Sun ruizhe said that in the future, the China textile industry federation will be committed to building industry brand and quality significant advantages, enhance consumers' sense of identity and recognition of Chinese products, expand the publicity and implementation scope of industry standards for brand cultivation management system, and continue to carry out brand professional personnel training.Carry out regional brand pilot, brand conference and other activities to incubate regional and international brands.Focusing on the "three products" strategy, we will constantly improve the supply capacity and innovation capacity of products and services, and provide broad space and stage for the high-quality development of the industry.